Edit in JSFiddle

const target = [
  {
    name: 'taro',
    age: 10
  },
  {
    name: 'jiro',
    age: 20,
    email: 'jiro@example.com'
  },
  {
    name: 'saburo',
    age: 30,
    email: 'saburo@example.com'
  }
]

/* WANT!!
{
  'name': ['taro', 'jiro', 'saburo'],
  'age': [10, 20, 30]
}
*/

// lodash 2.2.1
const tallyTarget1 = target => {
  const keys = _.uniq(_.flatten(target.map(t => Object.keys(t))))
  const result = {}
  keys.forEach(k => result[k] = _.pluck(target, k))
  
  // lodash 4.17.4ではpluckが廃止されているので↓を使う
  // keys.forEach(k => result[k] = _.compact(_.map(target, k)))
  return result
}

// ES6
const tallyTarget2 = target => {
  const _keys = target.map(a => Object.keys(a)).reduce((a, b) => a.concat(b))
  const keys = Array.from(new Set(_keys))
  const result = {}
  keys.forEach(k => {
    result[k] = target.map(t => t[k]).filter(t => !!t)
  })
  return result
}

// for Legacy browser
const tallyTarget3 = function (target) {
debugger
  var _keys = target.map(function (a) {
    return Object.keys(a);
  }).reduce(function (a, b) {
    return a.concat(b);
  });
  var keys = _keys.filter(function (a, i, self) {
    return self.indexOf(a) === i;
  });
  var result = {};
  keys.forEach(function (k) {
    result[k] = target.map(function (t) {
      return t[k];
    }).filter(function (t) {
      return !!t;
    });
  });
  return result;
};


document.getElementById('lodash').innerText = JSON.stringify(tallyTarget1(target), null, '  ')
document.getElementById('es6').innerText = JSON.stringify(tallyTarget2(target), null, '  ')
document.getElementById('es5').innerText = JSON.stringify(tallyTarget3(target), null, '  ')

<h2>lodash</h2>
<pre id="lodash"></pre>
<h2>es6</h2>
<pre id="es6"></pre>
<h2>es5</h2>
<pre id="es5"></pre>