Edit in JSFiddle

var Gene = function(code) {
    if (code) this.code = code;
    this.cost = 9999;
};
Gene.prototype.code = '';
Gene.prototype.random = function(length) {
    while (length--) {
        this.code += String.fromCharCode(Math.floor(Math.random() * 255));
    }
};
Gene.prototype.mutate = function(chance) {
    if (Math.random() > chance) return;

    var index = Math.floor(Math.random() * this.code.length);
    var upOrDown = Math.random() <= 0.5 ? -1 : 1;
    var newChar = String.fromCharCode(this.code.charCodeAt(index) + upOrDown);
    var newString = '';
    for (i = 0; i < this.code.length; i++) {
        if (i == index) newString += newChar;
        else newString += this.code[i];
    }

    this.code = newString;

};
Gene.prototype.mate = function(gene) {
    var pivot = Math.round(this.code.length / 2) - 1;

    var child1 = this.code.substr(0, pivot) + gene.code.substr(pivot);
    var child2 = gene.code.substr(0, pivot) + this.code.substr(pivot);

    return [new Gene(child1), new Gene(child2)];
};
Gene.prototype.calcCost = function(compareTo) {
    var total = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < this.code.length; i++) {
        total += (this.code.charCodeAt(i) - compareTo.charCodeAt(i)) * (this.code.charCodeAt(i) - compareTo.charCodeAt(i));
    }
    this.cost = total;
};
var Population = function(goal, size) {
    this.members = [];
    this.goal = goal;
    this.generationNumber = 0;
    while (size--) {
        var gene = new Gene();
        gene.random(this.goal.length);
        this.members.push(gene);
    }
};
Population.prototype.display = function() {
    document.body.innerHTML = '';
    document.body.innerHTML += ("<h2>Generation: " + this.generationNumber + "</h2>");
    document.body.innerHTML += ("<ul>");
    for (var i = 0; i < this.members.length; i++) {
        document.body.innerHTML += ("<li>" + this.members[i].code + " (" + this.members[i].cost + ")");
    }
    document.body.innerHTML += ("</ul>");
};
Population.prototype.sort = function() {
    this.members.sort(function(a, b) {
        return a.cost - b.cost;
    });
}
Population.prototype.generation = function() {
    for (var i = 0; i < this.members.length; i++) {
        this.members[i].calcCost(this.goal);

    }

    this.sort();
    this.display();
    var children = this.members[0].mate(this.members[1]);
    this.members.splice(this.members.length - 2, 2, children[0], children[1]);

    for (var i = 0; i < this.members.length; i++) {
        this.members[i].mutate(0.5);
        this.members[i].calcCost(this.goal);
        if (this.members[i].code == this.goal) {
            this.sort();
            this.display();
            return true;
        }
    }
    this.generationNumber++;
    var scope = this;
    setTimeout(function() {
        scope.generation();
    }, 20);
};


var population = new Population("Hello, world!", 20);
population.generation();

              
            
          
            
              
                
body {
        font-family:Courier New;
        font-size:12px;
}